Milne E, Grafman J (2001) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions in humans eliminate implicit gender stereotyping. J Neurosci 21: RC150.
Feb 12: Professional norms — Must I conform?
There was a lively discussion of the following paper:
Evaluations of Sexy Women In Low- and High-Status Jobs. (2005) P. Glick, S. Larsen, C. Johnson, H. Branstiter. Psychology of Women Quarterly vol. 29 no. 4 389-395
This study reports that female managers who dress sexily are rated as less competent than female managers with more neutral dress. Many participants expressed the desire to be judged for what they say and do rather than how they dress. However, given the evidence that this is not the reality we live in, women may want to consider when to intentionally alter the way they dress, in order to convey the image that will advance their success (e.g., when applying for a job, or making a first impression), and when to challenge the stereotypes related to dress (e.g., once she has already established her abilities and gained the respect of a group). Participants were also curious to know how sexy dress affects the judgments people make about men.
Special guest: Corinne Moss-Racusin (1st author of 2012 PNAS paper on gender bias of science faculty).
Lecture “The myth of meritocracy? Gender stereotyping and subtle bias in academic science” 2-3 pm, Clark Auditorium
Post-lecture reception/discussion with students and postdocs 3-3:45 pm, Clark S362
December 11, 11:45am-1:15pm
Special guest: Doree Allen on the Imposter Syndrome
“Taking Off the Mask: Understanding and Overcoming the Impostor Syndrome”
November 6, 2013- “BRAIN-y Networking for SFN”
October 2, 2013 – “Gender differences in handling negative news”
Read: There Is No News Like Bad News: Women Are More Remembering and Stress Reactive after Reading Real Negative News than Men Marin et al, 2012
June 13, 2013 – “It Had to Be You (Not Me)!”
Women give male teammates more credit for team success.
Reading: Haynes & Heilman 2013
May 9, 2013 – “Maintaining your authenticity while successfully navigating the scientific career labyrinth” – with special guest Sonoo Thadaney.
In the previous month’s GIN discussion of “acting with power” (Power & Influence with Deborah Gruenfeld), a number of participants expressed concern about how to present oneself as confident and competent without feeling “fake.” Therefore we arranged for a special guest, Sonoo Thadaney, to lead us in a discussion of how to preserve your authenticity while also doing what it takes to succeed in the environment in which you find yourself. Sonoo has presented workshops on authenticity at Stanford and Berkeley, and we were very fortunate that she agreed to come, on short notice, to discuss concerns about authenticity with GIN participants.
April 11, 2013 – “Acting with Power: Lessons from Stanford’s Voice and Influence (VIP)
Watch: Power & Influence with Deborah Gruenfeld.
March 14, 2013 – “Get what you need and you may achieve what you want”
A recent analysis of gender disparities in publication rate shows disciplines that require more resources ($) have bigger gender disparities in publication rates.
“The Possible Role of Resource Requirements and Academic Career-Choice Risk on Gender Differences in Publication Rate and Impact,” Duch et al, 2012
February 14, 2013 – “How does Cupid take sides?”
On Valentine’s day the Stanford GIN group discussed the question of the interaction between gender and marriage status. The short answer from a recent survey of US historians is that married men advance faster than single men, but the reverse is true for married women (Gender and Success in Academia, AHA). We discussed the observation and its consequences and touched on the ‘motherhood penalty’ or ‘maternal wall’. Want to learn more about these concepts? Go to NGN: New Girls Network.
January 10, 2013 – “Effect of Women on Men’s Cognitive Performance”
Interaction with a Woman Can Impair Men’s Cognitive Performance Nauts et al 2012
“Interaction with a Woman Can Impair Men’s Cognitive Performance” summarizes a recent Dutch study in which college-aged men and women were given the Stroop test (Stroop effect.), made to interact with a virtual “man” or “woman” via chat, then given the Stroop test again. The only group in which the virtual interaction had a significant effect was in the men who interacted with a virtual woman: their Stroop test reaction times were significantly decreased after this interaction. The paper discusses the possibility that men’s cognitive performance is impaired in the presence of women because they are distracted by the prospect of the women as a potential sexual partner; however, at our GIN meeting we discussed a number of other possibilities that may account for this effect. A man might be surprised to find that a woman held a researcher role, or perhaps men feel the need to “dumb down” around women. Regardless of the reason for the impression bias, it is detrimental to productivity for both men and women if men are not functioning at their highest cognitive level in mixed-gender interactions. We discussed ways to reduce this impression bias, concluding that the best way is to have people be aware of its occurrence so that they can try to reduce it, and over time, the actual bias will go away.
December 13, 2012 – “Stag Parties Linger: Continued Gender Bias in a Female-Rich Scientific Discipline”
Stag Parties Linger, Isabell et al 2012
November 15, 2012 – Special guest, Dora Angelaki (Chair, Dept of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine), shares her views on gender issues in neuroscience
Double-blind Review Favours Increased Representation of Female Authors, Budden et al, 2008
October 11, 2012 – “Networking: it’s more than social; how and why to network at meetings.”
Discussion of the reasons to network, and how to do so successfully.
September 13, 2012 – “Ecosystem modeling of the academic jungle: the importance of getting off to a good start”
The Academic Jungle, O’Brien & Hapgood 2012
August 16, 2012 – “Science training and mental health: The Aurora, Colorado shootings”
Science Training and Mental Health – Science Magazine.
July 19, 2012 – “Why Women (and Men) Still Can’t Have it All”
Why Women Still Can’t Have It All – The Atlantic.
June 14, 2012 – “The Power of a Lower Voice Pitch”
Lowering the Pitch of Your Voice, Stel et al 2012
May 10, 2012 – “Gender & Multitasking”
April 12, 2012 – “Recent data on work-life balance for scientists”
March 15, 2012 – “Acting with Power: Fake It Until You Make It”
Fake it Till you Make It: How Acting Powerful Leads to Feeling Empowered – Guillory & Gruenfeld
February 16, 2012 – “The Effects of Affirmative Action on Competition”
Affirmative Action Policies Promote Women, Balafoutas and Sutter 2012
January 19, 2012 – “Powerless vs. Powerful speech styles”
November 10, 2011 – “Networking is not a dirty word” – how to do it and what it can do for you
October 13, 2011 – “The Branching Career Pipeline for Doctoral Students”
Improving Graduate Education to Support a Branching Career Pipeline: Recommendations Based on a Survey of Doctoral Students in the Basic Biomedical Sciences – Fuhrmann et al, 2011
September 15, 2011 – “Scientists want more children(?)” http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022590
August 11, 2011 – “Transformational, Transactional, and Laissez-Faire Leadership Styles:A Meta-Analysis Comparing Women and Men”
Eagly & Johannesen-Schmidt, 2003
July 14, 2011 – “Women’s success in obtaining NIH funding”
Sex Differences in Application, Success, and Funding Rates for NIH Extramural Programs – Pohlhaus et al, 2010
June 3, 2011 – “How Chronic Self-Views Influence (and Potentially Mislead) Estimates of Performance”
Ehrlinger & Dunning, 2003
May 12, 2011 – “Testosterone Levels and Career Choices in Men and Women”
Gender differences in financial risk aversion and career choices are affected by testosterone – Sapienza et al, 2009
The use of digit ratios as markers for perinatal androgen action – McIntyre, 2006
March 10, 2011 – “Effects of Gender on the Collective Intelligence of Groups”
Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups – Woolley et al, 2010
February 10, 2011 – “Power Poses”
Power Posing: Brief Nonverbal Displays Affect Neuroendocrine Levels and Risk Tolerance – Carney, Cuddy, & Yap, 2010
January 13, 2011 – “Implicit Bias”
Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of “Blind” Auditions on Female Musicians – Goldin & Rouse, 2000
December 9, 2010 – “Why Graduate Students Reject the Fast Track”
Why Graduate Students Reject the Fast Track – Mason, Goulden, & Frasch, 2009
November 4, 2010 – “Taking on Challenging Tasks”
Gender Differences in Seeking Challenges: The Role of Institutions (Honors Thesis at Stanford University) – Niederle & Yestrumskas, 2008
October 14, 2010 – “Choosing to Compete”
Explaining the Gender Gap in Math Test Scores: The Role of Competition – Niederle & Vesterlund 2010
September 23, 2010 – “Designing Your Life,” with Special Guest Gaby Jordan from the Handel Group executive coaching firm
June 25, 2010 – Kickoff meeting